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Type 2 Diabetes Management Guidelines

Complications of diabetes

  • Those at high risk of diabetic complications include both vulnerable populations and those with associated risk factors:
    • Populations vulnerable to the development of diabetic complications:
      • Onset of diabetes at a young age
      • Advancing age
      • People of Māori or a Pacific ethnicity
      • People of other non-European ethnicities
      • Lower socioeconomic status
    • Risk factors for the development of diabetic complications:
      • Long duration of diabetes
      • Suboptimal glycaemic control
      • Pre-existing complications or comorbidities e.g. established cardiovascular disease, microalbuminura and/or reduced eGFR
      • Hypertension
      • Dyslipidaemia
      • Smoking
      • Obesity
      • Reduced engagement with health services and adherence to therapy